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HYDROGEN FUEL

Hydrogen Fuel
Hydrogen Fuel Advantages
Hydrogen Fuel Algae
Hydrogen Fuel Artificial Photosynthesis
Hydrogen Fuel Disadvantages
Hydrogen Fuel Electrolysis of Water
Hydrogen Fuel Natural Gas
Hydrogen Fuel Production
Hydrogen Fuel Renewable Energy
Hydrogen Fuel Sources

 

Hydrogen Fuel Production Processes

The production of hydrogen fuel utilizes a number of sources including natural gas, water, farm waste, landfill waste, and solar and wind processes. One of the most significant factors of hydrogen fuel production is the cost of extraction, refining, transportation and production of the fuel itself.

hydrogen fuel production
In contrast, the energy produced by this fuel is not the result of human effort, and there is therefore no cost attributed to it. On the other hand, the energy content of hydrogen fuel is subject to a manufacturing process, and this involves a fairly significant cost.

As mentioned previously, there are a number of different methods used in the production of hydrogen fuel, and each of these obviously entails varying investment costs. Below is a look at the various process used in the production of hydrogen fuel and the costs that they entail.

Natural Gas
Natural gas can be used to produce hydrogen fuel in a process called steam reformation. Steam reformation basically involves using methane or other types of natural gases that react with steam at temperatures of 700ºC to 1100°C. With this process, hydrogen can be derived from natural gases with about an 80% rate of efficiency. Using other types of hydrocarbon matter will naturally result in varying degrees of efficiency. The end result of this process is syngas.

Nuclear
Nuclear energy has also been widely used in the production of hydrogen fuel by way of water electrolysis. This process requires as much as 240,000 tons of raw uranium, which is enough to provide power for up to 2,000 power plants running at 600 megawatts. This is quite a costly production process however, and it its estimated that costs can run as high as $840 billion.

Solar
Solar energy is another way to produce hydrogen fuel, and this has been proposed as another viable method to produce hydrogen fuel via the electrolysis of water. In comparison to nuclear energy production of hydrogen fuel, using solar energy would entail a cost of about $22 trillion for 113 million 40-kilowatt systems.

Wind
Wind energy has come into increased prominence as a viable energy source over the past several years, and it too involves the electrolysis of water to produce the fuel. It is estimated that producing hydrogen fuel in this manner will require as many as 1 million 2-megawatt wind turbines, all of which will entail a price tag of $3 trillion.

Biomass
Another process used in the production of hydrogen fuel utilizes biomass. This process also involves a steam reformation to produce the energy source. This process requires more than 3,300 power plants and up to 113.4 million acres of farmlands in order to produce significant amounts of biomass at a cost of about $565 billion.

Coal
Finally, coal is another viable hydrogen fuel production process that has been started by the government program called FutureGen. This process involves the gasification of coal, which then produces hydrogen fuel via a steam reformation process. The process requires up to 1 billion tons of coal at a cost of approximately $500 billion.

 
 
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